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Giant Tortoise (Chelonoidis donfaustol). Image Credit: Adalgisa Caccone.

1. Giant Tortoise (Chelonoidis donfaustol). A distinct species of giant tortoise was discovered on the island of Santa Cruz in the Galapagos off the coast of Ecuador.giant-sundew-580

2. Giant Sundew (Drosera magnifica). The giant sundew is a carnivorous plant that was discovered on top of a mountain in Brazil. Photographs posted to Facebook helped to spur its recognition as a new species.

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3. Hominin (Homo naledi). Scientists identified this new species of hominin through fossil remains uncovered in South Africa. Their size and weight were similar to that of modern humans.

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4. Isopod (Iuiuniscus iuiuensis). This new species of crustacean was discovered in a cave in Brazil. It builds shelters out of mud.

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5. Anglerfish (Lasiognathus dinema). This small fish was discovered in the Gulf of Mexico.

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6. Seadragon (Phyllopteryx dewysea). This new species of seadragon was discovered off the coast of western Australia. There are only three known species of seadragons, which are close relatives of seahorses.

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7. Tiny Beetle (Phytotelmatrichis osopaddington). This species was discovered in Peru. The beetles are only about 1 millimeter in length. They were named after Paddington Bear, a well known character from children’s literature who also hailed from Peru.

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8. Primate (Pliobates cataloniae). This new species of ape was discovered through fossil remains uncovered in Spain. The ape is thought to have lived 11.6 million years ago.

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9. Flowering Tree (Sirdavidia solannona). This new species of tree was discovered nearby the main road that runs through Africa’s Monts de Cristal National Park in Gabon.

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10. Sparklewing Damselfly (Umma gumma). This species is just one of dozens of new species of damselflies and dragonflies that were discovered in Gabon. It was named after the 1969 Pink Floyd album Ummagumma, which is also a slang word for sex.

You can read more about each of these species at the link here.

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